[Above: A painting by Cal Peters, depicting the Bad Axe Massacre.]
By: Marc Immanuel
Published on: 24 March 2017
Last updated on: 16 May 2018
THE BAD AXE MASSACRE
2 August 1832
Territory under present-day occupation of US state of Wisconsin
Massacre death toll: Approx. 300 men, women, children
US forces death toll: 5 soldiers/militiamen
In late July 1832, US Army forces led by US Army Brigadier General Henry Atkinson, US Army Brigadier General Alexander Posey, and US Army Major Henry Dodge, and a US state of Illinois militia force led by Illinois Militia officer Milton Alexander, pursued a group of Sauk and Meskwaki [a.k.a. Fox (exonym)] people led by Sauk leader and warrior Black Hawk.
Black Hawk and his warriors had decided to not submit to, but to resist, the US Government policy of forced relocation of Indigenous Peoples [codified into federal law in 1830 through the Indian Removal Act, signed on 28 May 1830 by 7th US President (1829-1837) Andrew Jackson (nicknamed “Indian Killer” by Indigenous Peoples)].
The US forces caught up with the Sauk/Fox band of Black Hawk’s people on the eastern bank of the “Mississippi RIver”, a few miles downstream from the mouth of a tributary of the Mississippi River known as the “Bad Axe River”.
The US forces indiscriminately massacred most of the approximately 400 Sauk/Fox people there. Most of the men, women, and children who tried to swim or canoe across the Mississippi River were shot down or drowned. The US soldiers scalped most of the dead bodies (taking their scalps).
Five US soldiers/militiamen were killed in action and 19 were wounded.
SOURCES OF INFORMATION
1. “Battle of Bad Axe“,
Wikipedia, volunteer-written encyclopedia, article (historical)
2. “Bad Axe Massacre — The Brutal End“,
article (historical), posted by Theresa Jansen, 27 June 2014
3. “Black Hawk War: Massacre at Bad Axe and Surrender“,
Encyclopedia Britannica, article (historical), by James Lewis, 9-2-2014
A LIST OF OVER 100 GENOCIDAL MASSACRES BY THE UNITED STATES
AGAINST INDIGENOUS PEOPLES OF THE WESTERN CONTINENT:
From the Gnadenhutten Massacre to the Wounded Knee Massacre
CRIMES OF THE U.S. GOVERNMENT:
From the Trail of Tears
to the Invasion of Iraq
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