By: Marc Immanuel
Published on: 6 April 2017
Last updated on: 15 May 2018
THE AUMUCCULLE MASSACRE
(a.k.a. THE CHEHAW MASSACRE)
23 April 1818
Territory under present-day occupation of US state of Georgia
Massacre death toll: Approx. 50 men, women, children
(mostly women, children, and elderly persons)
US militia death toll: 0
On 23 April 1818, a US state of Georgia militia force of approximately 270 militiamen led by Captain Obed Wright, under orders by 29th Governor of Georgia (1817-1819) William Rabun to lead a punitive expedition for an Indigenous militant raid against US occupation on the Georgia frontier, launched a surprise attack on the Chiaha village of Aumucculle [Au-muc-cul-le; which US Georgian colonists called “Chehaw Town”], of the Muscogee Nation.
The elderly chief of the village ran outside his house carrying a stick with a white flag (a symbol of surrender). He was immediately shot down.
According to a Georgia Militia officer who was at the scene after Wright’s departure: When the village’s chief was wounded by the first shots, he fell to his knees and begged for mercy, saying he “wished no war”. But militiamen fired another round at him, shooting him dead.
The militia then burned “all their houses” and “plundered everything they could lay their hands on”. [source 3 (“Cultivating Race…”), pgs 184-186]
According to article “The Secret History of the Chehaw Massacre” (source 1): “The rapacious cavalrymen shot or trampled any living thing on the village’s streets. They then set fire to all the houses, where the women, children, and elderly were hiding. They laughed as the helpless civilians screamed in agony.”
According to Pat Atwater (source 2): His great-great grandfather was a Georgia Militia member at the massacre who witnessed fellow militiamen bashing infants and very young children’s heads against trees. [The murder of Indigenous infants and very young children by bashing their heads against any hard surfaces was a genocidal practice US soldiers/militiamen during the 19th century called “braining”. (source)]
There were no US militia casualties.
SOURCES OF INFORMATION
1. “The Secret History of the Chehaw Massacre”,
Root Shed, article (historical), 2 December 2012
2. “This Man’s Ancestor was in the Chehaw Massacre“,
Root Shed, article (historical), 3 December 2012
3. “Cultivating Race: The Expansions of Slavery in Georgia, 1750-1860″,
book (historical), by Watson W. Jennison, pages 184-186
4. “The Chehaw Indians“,
Georgia Geneology, article (historical), by Lee W. Formwalt
(PhD, professor of history, c. 1977-1997, Albany State University,
executive director of Organization of American Historians)
5. ”Chehaw Affair (a.k.a. Chehaw Massacre)”,
Wikipedia, volunteer-written encyclopedia
A LIST OF OVER 100 GENOCIDAL MASSACRES BY THE UNITED STATES
AGAINST INDIGENOUS PEOPLES OF THE WESTERN CONTINENT:
From the Gnadenhutten Massacre to the Wounded Knee Massacre
CRIMES OF THE U.S. GOVERNMENT:
From the Trail of Tears
to the Invasion of Iraq
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